Browser shortcuts make our work easy. They provide easy navigation across tabs, scrolling and refreshing pages and to tinker with different features of browser like history, bookmarks and more.
Different browsers have different shortcuts. But there are some shortcuts that work the same for all browsers – Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari, Opera and others.
1. Browser shortcuts for navigation
- Shift+F5 to reload the entire webpage. Nothing reterived from cache.
- Ctrl+R refresh a webpage and remove the cache of the browser.
- Escape to stop browser action. If a page is loading and Esc is pressed, the page loading stops.
- Alt+Left Arrow/Backspace to navigate back to a link.
- Alt+Right Arrow/Shift+Backspace to go forward to a link.
- Alt+Home to open homepage you set for the browser.
- Pressing Alt brings menu bar at the top. By default, its hidden.
- F5 to reload a webpage.
2. Shortcuts to open, close and navigate between tabs (using Keyboard)
- Ctrl+1, 2….8 for activating tabs from 1st to 8th. Ctrl+1 for activating the first tab, Ctrl+2 for second tab and so on. Ctrl+9 is for going to the last tab.
- Ctrl+Shift+Tab for activating the previous tab. Pressing this shortcut on third tab ’ll navigate to second tab.
- Alt+F4 for closing browser. It basically works for all applications.
- Ctrl+W/Ctrl+F4 is for closing current tab in the browser.
- Ctrl+T to open a new tab in the same browser window.
- Ctrl+N to open a new browser window.
- Ctrl+Shift+T to reopen the last closed tab.
3. Shortcuts to open, close and navigate between tabs (using Mouse)
Plug a mouse to try following actions. The ‘middle-click’ we talk here is the scoll wheel between left and right clicks of a mouse.
- Middle-click on a tab, closes it.
- Ctrl+Left-Click/Middle Click on a link opens it in the background. A new tab would open up but active tab won’t lose focus.
- Ctrl+Shift+Left Click on a link opens up the link in foreground. Active tab loses focus and the foreground tab gets it.
- Shift+Left Click on a link open the link in a new browser window, other than the currently active window.
4. Address bar shortcuts
- Ctrl+L/Alt+D/F6 to focus on the address bar to enter new url or modify the existing one.
- Ctrl+Enter to add www. at the beginning and .com at the end. To do this, write the yourravi in the address bar and press Ctrl+Enter to convert this to www.yourravi.com.
- Shift+Enter to open site with .net TLD, and Ctrl+Shift+Enter to open with .org extension.
- Alt+Enter to open the entered url in a new tab. If you type in yourravi.com then press Alt+Enter then the website would open up in a new tab.
5. Search shortcut in browsers
- Ctrl+F/F3 opens the in-page searching option. Its for searching a text or phrase within a page.
- Ctrl+G/F3 switches to next match for the in-page search query provided by the user.
- Ctrl+Shift+G, Shift+F3 is for getting the previous match for the searched word/phrase entered by the user.
- Ctrl+K/Ctrl+E to focus on the address bar and activate the search feature of the browser. This won’t open search box, rather address bar gets the search feature. Here even if you’ll add yourravi.com then it’ll show in search not open the link.
- Alt+Enter to do a search in a new tab. You type query in address bar and on pressing Alt+Enter searching is done in a new tab.
6. Browser shortcuts to zoom-in/zoom-out webpage
- Ctrl++/Ctrl+Mousewheel Up to zoom into a webpage.
- Ctrl+-/Ctrl+Mousewheel Down to zoom out in a webpage.
- Ctrl+0 to set zoom level to normal.
- F11 to switch browser to full-screen. On second pressing of the shortcut, webpage switch back to normal mode.
7. Scrolling shortcuts for browsers
- Home to move at the top of a page.
- End to go to the bottom of a page.
- Space/Page Down to scroll/move a page down.
- Shift+Space/Page Up to move up in a page.
- Middle-Click to scroll a webpage with mouse only.
8. History, Bookmarks shortcuts for browsers
- To open browser history, press Ctrl+H.
- To download history in any browser, press Ctrl+J.
- Press Ctrl+D to bookmark the current weblink.
- Shortcut to delete browser history is Ctrl+Shift+Del. It’ll show the history dialog box.
9. More browser shortcuts
- Ctrl+U to see the current page’s source code. (It doesn’t works in Internet Explorer)
- F12 to Open Developer Tools. (Not working in Firefox as Firefox doesn’t have such feature built-in)
- Ctrl+P to print the active webpage.
- Ctrl+S to save the active webpage to system.
- Ctrl+O to open a file from computer in the browser.
All these shortcuts would work fine on all browsers except for Opera. Opera shortcuts are very much different from other browsers as they are more based on mouse rather than keyboard.